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见微知著:纳米科学

见微知著.jpg
见微知著:纳米科学
作者:(美)弗兰柯(Frankel, F.C.),(美)怀特塞兹(Whitesides, G.M.)著; 曾杰 等 译

图书详细信息:
ISBN:978-7-312-03377-3
估价:99.00元
版本:1
装帧:精装
预计出版年月:201405

图书简介:

  人类所赖以生存的自然是极其广阔的。如果只凭借直觉,我们对这个世界的认识就只能局限于一个很窄的范围——介乎于“很大”和“很小”的“中间范围”。本书讲述的是微观世界的故事,它和经验有别,有时候甚至会完全超乎想象。事实上, “小”一直在吸引着我们:精致手表内的齿轮和弹簧、刺绣、蜘蛛网……每一样都很奇妙。我们既是制造精致手表的能工巧匠,又是懂得欣赏精美刺绣的鉴赏家。纳米技术已经成为信息社会不可或缺的一部分,并且这种重要性还在不断增加,可以说,纳米科技为我们的文明社会打开了通往未知世界的又一扇大门。本书所面向的对象是那些对科学和应用感兴趣的大众读者。从量子世界中有违直觉的规律,到生命和细胞进化的传奇,再到信息和能源技术以及医学……纳米科技所涉足的领域之广让人惊叹,这也给我们带来了极大的研究热情。同时,我们希望把这份热情分享给各行各业的读者,给热衷于科研事业的研究人员,给那些对新奇事物充满好奇心的高中生和老师,给任何一个有求知欲望的人。

前言:

Preface

 
IN THE MACROSCOPIC WORLD, we can effortlessly enjoy many wonderful things around us, including beautiful clouds under a blue sky, breathta- king mountains and canyons, and landmarks in Beijing such as the Olympic Stadium and Aquatic Center. However, in the microscopic world, everything becomes invisible to our naked eyes. For example, can you imagine how unique and exquisite your fingerprints are? Have you ever caught invasive cells or unfriendly viruses in action? Perhaps you have never envisioned that these little things in and around us would one day become the role players in an album dedicated to the big science in a small world. With unrivaled clarity and stunning elegance, this book guides us to a narrative and visual voyage into the “micro-and nano-world.” 
Felice C. Frankel and George M. Whitesides, the original authors of this book, meticulously crafted every piece of the book to provide portraits of the small world with astonishing pictures and to tell stories about big science in layman’s language. Under the guidance of a renowned photographer and a world-class scientist, you will quickly learn about the remarkable properties of “small stuff,” as well as their revolutionary app- lications and societal impacts. Whitesides is a member of the National Academy of Sciences and National Academy of Engineering, USA. As a pioneer in nanotechnology and many other areas, Whitesides is one of the most innovative and productive scientists in the world. I first met him in person during my visit to Harvard in 1998. He gave me an elastomeric stamp with patterned microstructures on the surface. Using a technique known as soft lithography, the stamp can be used to quickly generate small, complex structures, just like some of those in this book. After so many years, I still keep this stamp in my collection. Frankel is a research scientist and photographer at MIT. Over the past 20 years or so, she has devoted herself to the development of new visualization tools and methods for better understanding scientific concepts and discoveries.
The authors help us envision the invisible small things by thoughtfully selecting a large set of attractive and expressive photographs. Some of the pictures were taken using microscopy tools, including the optical micrographs of individual cells and scanning tunneling microscopy images of individual molecules. These tools are based on either the colorful visible light or the freely moving electrons, and the latter can also behave just like light waves. Only with the assistance of these microscopy techniques can we start to understand the essence of the micro-and nano-world. With the use of metaphors, the texts complement the pictures with lucid and na- rrative explanations about key concepts and fundamental principles in nanoscience that are otherwise very difficult to appreciate. 
 Imagine that some of the tiny structures described in this book will make your computer run faster while others will save your life when you are infected by bacteria or viruses. Can you wait to learn more about them? Let’s start our journey to explore this wonderland!
 
Chunli Bai
President, Chinese Academy of Sciences
February 2014, in Beijing
目录:
      序i
 
      绪论1
 
                小之道11
 
 1    探索新大陆12
 2    盲人摸象?15
 3    量子跃迁18
 4    水21
 5    单个分子22
 6    裂纹25
 7    纳米管26
 
                奇境中的爱丽丝29
 
 8    振动的琴弦30
 9    棱镜和折射33
10    波粒二象性34
11    波的干涉37
12    量子苹果38
13    分子多米诺41
14    细胞肖像图42
15    层流45
16    湿的奇谈46
17    “手指”49
 
                生命51
 
18    肥皂泡53
19    细胞与马戏团54
20    核糖体57
21    细菌的鞭毛58
22    拼图般的生命61
23    转动的轮子62
24    量子点和细胞65
25    DNA测序66
26    分子识别69
27    捕获光70
28    低等动物的优雅73
29    抗体76
30    病毒79
 
                为何在意?81
 
31    光刻83
32    《埃莉诺·里格比》84
33    算盘87
34    二进制计数88
35    巴贝奇的计算器91
36    供水系统般的计算机92
37    微反应器95
38    模板效应97
39    催化剂颗粒101
40    圣诞树般的混合器102
41    自组装105
42    人造狗鼻子106
43    千足虫109
44    电子纸和电子书110
45    决定命运的横向流动检测法113
46    用细胞来筛选药物114
47    给发烧的大脑降温117
 
                灌木丛中的黑影?119
 
48    幽灵120
49    隐私与蜂窝123
50    灰尘与健康124
51    机器人127
52    雾130
53    疾病与健康133
 
                鲸鱼还是鲱鱼?135
 
54    因特网136
55    反渗透膜139
56    核反应140
57    火焰143
58    燃料电池144
59    太阳能电池147
60    植物和光合作用148
 
                尾声151
 
 
                五件不那么容易完成的作品(来自摄影师的注释)153
 
       量子苹果154
       二进制计数156
       纳米管158
       棱镜和折射160
       量子点和细胞162
 
扩展阅读164
 
跋165
 
译后记 168
 
 
                图片索引与简介169
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