胶体、液滴和细胞(Colloids, Drops, and Cells)(“十一五”国家重点图书)

胶体、液滴和细胞(Colloids, Drops, and Cells)(“十一五”国家重点图书)
作者:成正东 何立群(编著)






Zhengdong Cheng

  Model colloids, especially colloidal hard spheres are used as examples to introduce to the readers the fundamental questions, such as crystallization and glass transition that are being asked in softcondensed matter physics and chemical engineering. Modern techniques for manipulating and probing colloids and cells, such as microfluidics, laser tweezers, microrheology are demonstrated, as well as the applications of colloids to nanotechnology, biotechnology and information technology. The storage is a vital process for study of biocolloids, such as living cells. We introduce here two routine approaches to long term preservation of biocolloids, low temperature storage and dry-state storage.
  The readers intend to be undergraduate students who are interested in research in complex fluids, as well as young scientists and researchers. Most of the materials are extracted from the research field where the first author has performed his Ph.D and postdoctoral training at Princeton, Harvard, and ExxonMobil Research and Engineering Company, and is leading an active research group at Texas A & M University. He specially thanks his former advisors, Prof. Paul Chaikin, Bill Russel, David Weitz, and Tom Mason. Other materials of the biocolloids are extracted from the research conducted in the laboratory of the second author.
  This book is a special dedication to USTC, where the first author, Zhengdong Cheng, graduated from the Modern Physics Department in 1993, and the other, Liqun He, is now working at the department of Thermal Science and Energy Engineering, in the occasion celebrating her 50th birthday.


Preface to the USTC Alumni's Series

Chapter 1 What Are Colloids?
1.1 Colloids and the atoms: counting the atoms
1.2 Microrheology—Probe the material properties at microscopic level
1.3 Laser tweezers—Apply external force to nanoparticles

Chapter 2 Colloids and Phase Transitions
2.1 The hard sphere model
2.2 Model colloidal hard sphere systems
2.3 Properties of hard sphere dispersions
2.4 Colloids in space
2.5 Confocal Imaging: Catch  the critical nucleus
2.6 How well do we understand nucleation?
2.7 Applications of colloidal crystals
2.8 Single crystal growth in a temperature gradient

Chapter 3 Microfluidics
3.1 Make emulsions drop by drop
3.2 Emulsion crystallization to measure the nucleation rate of colloidal crystallization
3.3 Living cell encapsulation
3.4 Cell manipulation by microfluidics

Chapter 4 Biocolloids
4.1 Biocolloids
4.2 The cell volume change before freezing
4.3 The change of cell volume during cooling/freezing
4.4 Other mechanisms of cryoinjury
4.5 Banking cells at their dried state



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